Although bamboo is a renewable resource, the production of rayon fabric from this natural fibre poses environmental and worker risks. Bamboo processing involves a process called hydrolysis alkalization combined with multi-phase bleaching. This process is not environmentally friendly and can pose health risks for workers and other individuals. The fabric that is produced uses dangerous chemicals, and is not widely recognized as being environmentally friendly. For these reasons, it is important to buy bamboo products that are certified by the Oeko-Tex Global Standard 100.
One of the benefits of bamboo fiber is that it is naturally soft and non-irritating. This means that bamboo fiber is ideal for people with sensitive skin. Some bamboo threads may also have chemical sensations, but this depends on the process used to make them. It is important to choose a fabric that is free of harmful UV rays, as these rays can lead to premature skin aging, sunburn, and melanoma.
The bamboo fabric industry has many applications, including making sustainable textiles. Because the bamboo plant grows quickly and requires minimal pesticides, it does not require large amounts of chemicals or fertilizers. As a result, plantations can be organic and replanted every year, meaning that the process of making bamboo fiber is environmentally friendly. Unfortunately, bamboo fabric is not completely eco-friendly. Bamboo-made rayon fabrics have been the subject of warnings by the US Federal Trade Commission, which state that they can lead to pollution during the manufacturing process.